Prescribing Information: Luforbec® 100 micrograms/6 micrograms/ actuation (beclometasone dipropionate/ formoterol fumarate dihydrate) pressurised inhalation solution. Consult the full Summary of Product Characteristics (SmPC) before prescribing. Presentation: Luforbec 100/6 pMDI: Pressurised inhalation solution. Each metered dose (ex-valve) contains beclometasone dipropionate (BDP) 100 mcg and formoterol fumarate dihydrate 6 mcg. This is equivalent to a delivered dose (ex-actuator) of beclometasone dipropionate 84.6 mcg and formoterol 5.0 mcg. Indications: Asthma: Regular treatment of asthma where use of an inhaled corticosteroid/long-acting beta2-agonist (ICS/LABA) combination is appropriate: patients not adequately controlled on ICS and as needed short- acting beta2-agonist, or patients already adequately controlled on both ICS and LABA. COPD: Symptomatic treatment of patients with severe COPD (FEV1 <50% predicted normal) and a history of repeated exacerbations, who have significant symptoms despite regular therapy with long-acting bronchodilators. Dosage and administration: For inhalation in adult patients (≥18 years). Luforbec is not recommended for children and adolescents under 18 years. Asthma: Maintenance therapy: Luforbec 100/6 pMDI: 1–2 inhalations twice daily. The maximum daily dose is 4 inhalations. Luforbec may be used as maintenance therapy, together with a separate short-acting bronchodilator available for rescue at all times. Patients should receive the lowest dose that effectively controls their symptoms. Maintenance and reliever therapy: Luforbec can be taken as a regular maintenance treatment and as needed in response to asthma symptoms: 1 inhalation twice daily (morning and evening) plus 1 additional inhalation as needed in response to symptoms. If symptoms persist after a few minutes, an additional inhalation is recommended. The maximum daily dose is 8 inhalations. Patients should be advised to always have Luforbec available for rescue use. Close monitoring for dose-related adverse effects is needed in patients who frequently take high numbers of Luforbec as-needed inhalations. COPD: 2 inhalations twice daily. Luforbec pMDI can be used with the AeroChamber Plus® spacer device. BDP in Luforbec is characterised by an extrafine particle size distribution which results in a more potent effect than formulations of BDP with a non-extrafine particle size distribution (100mcg of BDP extrafine in Luforbec are equivalent to 250mcg of BDP in a non-extrafine formulation). When switching patients from previous treatments, it should be considered that the recommended total daily dose of BDP for Luforbec is lower than that for non-extrafine BDP containing products and should be adjusted to the needs of the individual patient. Contraindications: Hypersensitivity to the active substances or to any of the excipients. Warnings and precautions: Not intended for initial management of asthma. Treatment should not be initiated during an exacerbation, or if they have significantly worsening or acutely deteriorating asthma. Treatment should not be stopped abruptly. Medical attention should be sought if treatment is ineffective. Patients should be advised to take Luforbec every day even when asymptomatic. Treatment should be discontinued immediately if the patient experiences a paradoxical bronchospasm. Use with caution (which may include monitoring) in patients with cardiac arrhythmias, especially third degree atrioventricular block and tachyarrhythmias (accelerated and/or irregular heart beat), idiopathic subvalvular aortic stenosis, hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy, severe heart disease, particularly acute myocardial infarction, ischaemic heart disease, congestive heart failure, occlusive vascular diseases, particularly arteriosclerosis, arterial hypertension, aneurysm, thyrotoxicosis, diabetes mellitus, phaeochromocytoma and untreated hypokalaemia. Caution should be used when treating patients with known or suspected prolongation of the QTc interval (QTc > 0.44 seconds). Formoterol itself may induce QTc prolongation. Potentially serious hypokalaemia may result from beta2-agonist therapy and may also be potentiated by concomitant treatments (e.g. xanthine derivatives, steroids and diuretics). Particular caution is advised in severe asthma as this effect may be potentiated by hypoxia. Formoterol may cause a rise in blood glucose levels. Luforbec should not be administered for at least 12 hours before the start of anaesthesia if halogenated anaesthetics are planned as there is risk of arrhythmias. Use with caution in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis or fungal/viral airway infections. An increase in pneumonia and pneumonia hospitalisation in COPD patients receiving ICS has been observed. Clinical features of pneumonia may overlap with symptoms of COPD exacerbations. Systemic effects of ICS may occur, particularly at high doses for long periods e.g. Cushing’s syndrome, Cushingoid features, adrenal suppression, decrease in bone mineral density, cataract and glaucoma and more rarely, a range of psychological or behavioural effects including psychomotor hyperactivity, sleep disorders, anxiety, depression and aggression. Consider referral of patients reporting blurred vision or visual disturbances to an ophthalmologist as causes may include cataract, glaucoma or rare diseases such as central serous chorioretinopathy. Prolonged treatment with high doses of ICS may result in adrenal suppression and acute adrenal crisis. Interactions: Possibility of systemic effects with concomitant use of strong CYP3A inhibitors (e.g. ritonavir, cobicistat) cannot be excluded and therefore caution and appropriate monitoring is advised. Beta-blockers should be avoided in asthma patients. Concomitant administration of other beta-adrenergic drugs and theophylline may have potentially additive effects, therefore exercise caution. Concomitant treatment with quinidine, disopyramide, procainamide, phenothiazines, antihistamines, monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) and tricyclic antidepressants can prolong the QTc interval and increase the risk of ventricular arrhythmias. L-dopa, L-thyroxine, oxytocin and alcohol can impair cardiac tolerance towards beta2-sympathomimetics. Concomitant treatment with MAOIs including agents with similar properties (e.g. furazolidone, procarbazine) may precipitate hypertensive reactions. Concomitant treatment with xanthine derivatives, steroids, or diuretics may potentiate a possible hypokalaemic effect of beta2-agonists. Hypokalaemia may increase the likelihood of arrhythmias in patients receiving digitalis glycosides. There is a small amount of ethanol in Luforbec pMDI. There is theoretical potential for interaction in particularly sensitive patients taking disulfiram or metronidazole. Pregnancy and lactation: Use only during pregnancy or lactation if the expected benefits outweigh the potential risks. A risk/benefit decision should be taken to discontinue/abstain from therapy in the mother or discontinue breastfeeding. Effects on driving and operating machinery: Unlikely to have any effect on the ability to drive and use machines. Side effects: Common: Pharyngitis, oral candidiasis, pneumonia (in COPD patients), headache, dysphonia. Uncommon: Influenza, oral fungal infection, oropharyngeal candidiasis, oesophageal candidiasis, vulvovaginal candidiasis, gastroenteritis, sinusitis, rhinitis, granulocytopenia, allergic dermatitis, hypokalaemia, hyperglycaemia, restlessness, tremor, dizziness, otosalpingitis, palpitations, electrocardiogram prolonged QTc interval, ECG change, tachycardia, tachyarrhythmia, atrial fibrillation (in COPD patients), hyperaemia, flushing, cough, productive cough, throat irritation, asthmatic crisis, diarrhoea, dry mouth, dyspepsia, dysphagia, burning sensation of the lips, nausea, dysgeusia, pruritus, rash, hyperhidrosis, urticaria, muscle spasms, myalgia, C-reactive protein increased, platelet count increased, free fatty acids increased, blood insulin increased, blood ketone body increased, blood cortisol decrease (in COPD patients). Rare: Ventricular extrasystoles, angina pectoris, paradoxical bronchospasm, angioedema, nephritis, increased blood pressure, decreased blood pressure. Very rare: Thrombocytopenia, hypersensitivity reactions, including erythema, lips, face, eye and pharyngeal oedema, adrenal suppression, glaucoma, cataract, dyspnoea, exacerbation of asthma, growth retardation in children and adolescents, peripheral oedema, decreased bone density. Unknown frequency: Psychomotor hyperactivity, sleep disorders, anxiety, depression, aggression, behavioural changes (predominantly in children), blurred vision. Refer to SmPC for full list of side effects. Legal category: POM Price and Pack: £20.52 1×120 actuations Marketing authorisation (MA) No: PL 35507/0204 MA holder: Lupin Healthcare UK Ltd, The Urban Building, Second Floor, 3-9 Albert Street, Slough, Berkshire, SL1 2BE, United Kingdom. PI Last Revised: August 2021. AeroChamber Plus® is a registered trademark of Trudell Medical International.
Adverse events should be reported. Reporting forms and information can be found at https://yellowcard.mhra.gov.uk or search for MHRA Yellowcard in the Google Play or Apple App store. Adverse events should also be reported to Lupin Healthcare Limited on +44 (0)1565 751 378 or email us at EU-PV@lupin.com